Dilts v. Penske Logisitics LLC et al.

U.S. Chamber argues state meal and break laws that significantly affect motor carrier costs are preempted by federal law

NCLC's Position

NCLC urged the Ninth Circuit to hold that state meal and rest break laws that significantly affect motor carriers’ costs are preempted by the Federal Aviation Administration Authorization Act (“FAAAA”). In this case, the plaintiff-appellants sued the defendant-appellee company on behalf of a putative class claiming that the company failed to provide drivers with rest and meal periods required under California law. The District Court ruled that enforcement of California’s meal and rest period laws would affect a motor carrier’s prices, routes or services, and are preempted by federal transportation law. In its amicus brief, NCLC argues state laws, like the California law at issue here, that impose significant additional costs on motor carriers are preempted in the FAAAA context because those costs are closely connected to carrier prices, which are governed under the FAAAA. Additionally, NCLC argues that Supreme Court precedent establishes that FAAAA preemption applies whenever the state law at issue would force carriers to modify the manner in which they undertake deliveries, thereby interfering with the outcome that competitive market forces would otherwise dictate.

Case Outcome
Procedural History

NCLC amicus brief filed 11/16/12.

Case Documents