NCLC urged the Second Circuit to dismiss an Alien Tort Statute claim against corporations for allegedly aiding and abetting South African apartheid. In this case, South African apartheid victims claim a group of corporations supported the South African government's apartheid policy by providing technology and financing, among other things, to the government. In its brief, NCLC noted that the political branches of the United States government settled on a policy of constructive engagement with South Africa in the hopes of spurring political change. This policy of constructive engagement encouraged business transactions between the South African government and U.S. businesses. This case contravenes that policy and further undermines the South African government's own efforts at reconciliation. NCLC also argued that federal laws, such as the Alien Tort Statute, do not apply to extraterritorial conduct. If allowed to continue, this lawsuit would discourage overseas investment by U.S. businesses.