Engle, et al. v. Liggett Group Incorporated, et al.
Petition for rehearing denied
U.S. Chamber files amicus brief supporting petition for rehearing
NCLC filed an
amicus brief arguing that such bifurcation violates the Florida rules governing class actions and the U.S. Constitution’s Due Process Clause.
Florida Supreme Court addresses bifurcation of class actions
The Florida Supreme Court permitted some of the jury’s findings to stand while decertifying the class action as to causation and damages issue.
U.S. Chamber files amicus brief
This case was originally filed in 1994 and was certified as a class of Florida-only residents. It resulted in a punitive damages verdict of $145 billion in July 2000. A three-judge panel of Florida's Third District Court of Appeal set aside the verdict because, among other reasons, the class failed to meet virtually every legal requirement for class certification.
On appeal to the Florida Supreme Court, NCLC argued in its first
filing that personal injury cases are not suited for classwide adjudication because they necessarily involve individual factual inquiries, are substantial enough to be brought individually, and force defendants into exorbitant settlements. For similar reasons, NCLC argued that fraud cases are not suited for class treatment, and finally, that class certification is inappropriate where the court must apply numerous states' laws. Procedural History
Amicus brief filed 7/26/04. Oral argument held 11/3/04. Decided 7/6/06.
Amicus brief supporting rehearing filed 8/14/06. Rehearing denied 12/21/06.