1. Whether the Ninth Circuit correctly held—like the Eleventh Circuit, but contrary to decisions from this Court and the First and Seventh Circuits—that a state law of general applicability is not preempted by the FAAAA unless it “binds” a motor carrier to “specific” prices, routes, or services.
2. Whether the Ninth Circuit correctly held—like the Third Circuit, but contrary to the First, Second, Fifth, Seventh, and Eleventh Circuits—that the FAAAA’s use of the terms “price, route, or service” refers only to “point-to-point transport.”
3. Whether the Ninth Circuit correctly held that California’s wage and labor laws, which prohibit motor carriers from using industry-standard incentive-based pay structures, are not preempted by the FAAAA, in conflict with the First Circuit’s holding that Massachusetts’s wage and labor laws, which similarly restrain the way that motor carriers incentivize their drivers, are preempted by the FAAAA.