Johnson & Johnson v. Ingham
1. Whether a court must assess if consolidating multiple plaintiffs for a single trial violates due process, or whether it can presume that jury instructions always cure both jury confusion and prejudice to the defendant.
2. Whether a punitive-damages award violates due process when it far exceeds a substantial compensatory-damages award, and whether the ratio of punitive to compensatory damages for jointly and severally liable defendants is calculated by assuming that each defendant will pay the entire compensatory award.
3. Whether the “arise out of or relate to” requirement for specific personal jurisdiction can be met by merely showing a “link” in the chain of causation, as the court below held, or whether a heightened showing of relatedness is required, as petitioner in Ford Motor Co. v. Montana Eighth Judicial District Court, No. 19-368, has argued.